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EAP Air Data Computer

Technical Information

Catalogue No: C0156
Category: Air Data
Object Type: Signal/Data Processor
Object Name: EAP Air Data Computer
Part No: 50-078-01
Serial No: 0003/85
Manufacturer: Marconi Avionics
Division: Instrument Systems [ISD]
Platform(s): EAP 
Year of Manufacture: 1985
Dimensions:
Width (mm):
123 
Height (mm):
192 
Depth (mm):
353 
Weight (g):
7,980 
Location: Main Object Store
Inscription(s):

Marconi Avionics Limited
ADC (SP-B-27-B204)
Part 50-078-01
Ser 0001/85
NSN
Code K0656

Notes:

Air data systems provide accurate information on quantities such as pressure altitude, vertical speed, calibrated airspeed, true airspeed, Mach number, static air temperature and air density ratio. The computer uses data from sensors such as the pitot-static system hence the ‘pressure’ connectors. The ADC is a key avionic system and forms part of the essential core of avionic sub systems required in all modern aircraft, civil or military.
Marconi Avionics, in common with other suppliers, made equipment for the EAP at their own cost in anticipation of orders for the Typhoon. Around 6 to 8 sets of equipment were made and all were put through the full evaluation/qualification tests.


EAP's quadruplex-redundant digital flight control system is a development of that in the active control technology (ACT) Jaguar FBW test bed, the first digital fly-by-wire aircraft to fly without mechanical backup controls. The system has to withstand two critical failures. EAP has four identical flight control computers with no fewer than 13 control surfaces, the flight control computers will operate at more than three times the speed of Jaguar's. These computers house the flight resident software which stabilises the aircraft artificially then enables the pilot to fly it. In addition they house software for failure management, reversion logic, and built-in test.
Also included in the flight control system are two digital air data computers, four aircraft motion sensor units (AMSUs), and four actuator drive units (ADUs). While the foreplane, intake varicowl,
and wing leading-edge flaps are driven directly from the flight control computers, the flaperons and rudder are driven from the aft-mounted ADUs which are connected to the computers by serial digital databus.
The air data and motion sensors are also connected to the computers along two dual redundant 1553B multiplex digital databuses. The AMSUs consolidate roll, pitch, and yaw rate sensors in single boxes. The flight control computers pass on air data to the avionics and engine controls via EAP's two main digital data highways and additionally process motion sensor output to provide standby attitude and heading reference.
GEC Avionics is responsible for EAP's flight control system, supplying the four flight control and two air data computers, while Bodenseewerk supplies the four actuator drive units, and Litef the four aircraft motion sensor units.
The Company, in common with other suppliers, made equipment for the EAP at their own cost in anticipation of orders for the Typhoon. Around 6 to 8 sets of equipment were made and all were put through the full evaluation/qualification tests.

Air data systems provide accurate information on quantities such as pressure altitude, vertical speed, calibrated airspeed, true airspeed, Mach number, static air temperature and air density ratio. This information is essential for the pilot to fly the aircraft safely and is also required by a number of key avionic subsystems which enable the pilot to carry out the mission. It is thus one of the key avionic systems in its own right and forms part of the essential core of avionic sub systems required in all modern aircraft, civil or military.

The air data quantities; pressure, altitude, vertical speed, calibrated airspeed, true airspeed, Mach number etc. are derived from three basic measurements by sensors connected to probes which measure:

Total (or Pitot) pressure
Static pressure
Total (or indicated) air temperature

The total pressure, PT, is measured by means of an absolute pressure sensor (or transducer) connected to a Pitot tube facing the moving airstream. The Pitot pressure is a measure of ram air pressure (the air pressure created by vehicle motion or the air ramming into the tube). When airspeed increases, the ram air pressure is increased, which can be translated by the airspeed indicator.

The static pressure of the free airstream, PS, is measured by an absolute pressure transducer connected to a suitable orifice located where the surface pressure is nearly the same as the pressure of the surrounding atmosphere. The static pressure is obtained through a static port which most often is a flush-mounted hole on the fuselage of an aircraft located where it can access the air flow in a relatively undisturbed area. Some aircraft may have a single static port, while others may have more than one. When the aircraft climbs, static pressure will decrease.

High performance military aircraft generally have a combined Pitot/static probe which extends out in front of the aircraft so as to be as far away as practicable from aerodynamic interference effects and shock waves generated by the aircraft structure. A Pitot-static tube effectively integrates the static ports into the Pitot probe. It incorporates a second coaxial tube (or tubes) with pressure sampling holes on the sides of the probe, outside the direct airflow, to measure the static pressure. Some civil transport aircraft have Pitot probes with separate static pressure orifices located in the fuselage generally somewhere between the nose and the wing.

From the measurements of static pressure PT and total pressure PS it is possible to derive the Pressure Altitude, Vertical Speed, Calibrated Airspeed and Mach number. Measurement of the air temperature is made by means of a temperature sensor installed in a probe in the airstream and from this a function called Total Air Temperature can be calculated.

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