|Object Name:||Time Recording Clock|
|Year of Manufacture:||Unknown|
|Location:||Archive Object Store|
This Clocking Machine was found in abandoned in an electricity sub-station on the Rochester site. Apparently all the really good ones had been taken to turn into miniature pendulum clocks for home use! The dial is not the original and the clocking mechanism is broken however the clock keeps excellent time and has an 8 day movements,. The clock was almost certainly used when the site was Short Brothers and therefore dates to the 1930’s. The clock could well be a National Time Recorder type although it has no markings. This type of clock was by far the most widely used and successful type of time recorder, the same basic design remained in use for nearly a century.
Interestingly Daniel M Cooper is credited for inventing the first card recorder which was called The Rochester in the USA in 1894.
It was common practice to have a time recording system for employees which involved stamping a Time Card with the time that the employee arrived or left work. The cards were stored in numbered racks adjacent to the machines. The wages clerks would calculate the pay for employees from the information printed on each card at the end of each week.
The early machines required the employee to insert a card into a slot in a ‘Clock Machine’ and then to manually depress a lever to stamp the card; a process known as Clocking in or Out’. Later machines automatically stamped the card when it was inserted. The Clock Machine had an integral clock which had to be accurate as the early clocks were stand-alone and only when electric clocks were introduced could they be synchronised with all others on a large site.