The Tornado is a Multi-role aircraft developed and built in cooperation with England, Germany and Italy; the prototype first flew in 1974. It is a compact twin-engined variable-geometry aircraft. The Tornado was also the first production military aircraft with flight-by-wire controls. There are strike-attack (IDS), air defence (ADV) and electronic warfare (ECR) versions.

All the key system areas of the Tornado were partitioned according to a prearranged programme share and this led for example to the Flight Control system being shared by Elliotts of the UK and Aeritalia of Italy. The system was designed largely around Elliott technology but manufacturing was shared.