Loral Corporation was a defense contractor founded in 1948 in New York by William Lorenz and Leon Alpert as Loral Electronics Corporation. The company's name was taken from the first letters of each founder's surname.
The above statement was taken from this Wikipedia article which summarises its history. Links within that article give some idea of how Loral's elements have evolved and dispersed.
ASIC = Aerospace Systems Integration Corporation
The CAGE code shown here is for Lockheed Martin ASIC, one of Loral ASIC's successors.